Studium Theologicum Salesianum
Salesian Pontifical University : Faculty of Theology - Jerusalem Campus
 

Deacon HAILU Araya Hagos sdb
DEFENDS HIS BACCALAUREATE SYNTHESIS

 
 

 

1 June 2017, STS Jerusalem
Clement Yan Naing Htun, sdb

On the morning of 1st May, 2017 at 9:00 a.m. Deacon Hailu Araya Hagos, SDB defended his baccalaureate Synthesis at Studium Theologicum Salesianum in Jerusalem, thus finishing the 1st circle of theological studies and earning the title of Bachelor of Theology. The title of his thesis was: "Eucharist, as ‘an action of Christ and of the people of God hierarchically ordered’, is both the summit of Christian life and the source from which the action of the Church takes its origin." The members of the panel examining the thesis were, Rev. Biju Michael, SDB, Rev. Caputa Giovanni , SDB and Rev. Toczyski Andrzej, SDB.

At the beginning, deacon Hailu Araya Hagos gave a 10-minute presentation of his Synthesis. He explained chapter by chapter the ideas conveyed in his paper.

The first chapter explains briefly the meaning of the Eucharist, (in Greek thanksgiving) is the traditional name for the Lord‟s Supper (Didache 9:1), probably based on Christ‟s having “given thanks” at its institution (1Cor. 11:24; Mt. 26:26-28; Mk. 14:22-24; Lk. 22: 17-20). The early significance of the Eucharistic meal is indicated in Acts 2:42, 46; 20:7; its Epiphanic character is suggested by its tie with the Christophany of the Emmaus road (cf. Lk. 24:30-35). It is suggested that the miracles of feeding (particularly in Mathew Chapters 14-15) are part of an early Eucharist catechesis. The different names are given to this sacrament by the Vatican II, following the Council of Trent. And it speaks about the establishment of the new covenant of God as a manifestation of the supreme love by which Christ sacrificed himself on the behalf of humanity.

The second chapter mainly speaks about the Eucharist as the action of the people of God hierarchically ordered. The People ought to be clearly guided and taught that entering into the mystery of the Eucharist highly depends on a liturgical celebration which is done with dignity, due preparation and, above all, faith in the mystery itself. As a help in this line, in the Church, there is a sacred hierarchy of orders: the Pope, Bishops Priest and Deacons are acting on behalf of Christ. Finally, “the Eucharist builds the church and the Church make the Eucharist.”

The third chapter is about how Eucharist is both the summit of Christian life and also the source from which the action of the church takes its origin. The Eucharist is the source of Church’s mission and other works of apostolate for the common good of the entire humanity. The Eucharist teaches us to enhance social justice and to live in solidarity with the poor and needy. The Eucharist and ecumenism is also discussed very briefly as part of Church’s mission for evangelization. No point of division has been more disastrous than the disunity surrounding the Eucharist, the very sacrament of unity itself: “The Eucharist tastes bitter, in a divided church.” In this case, Mary teaches us how to develop the Eucharistic attitude with her Son Jesus Christ, and she is our model and mother.

The first examiner on the defense panel was Fr. Caputa Giovanni, SDB, tutor of deacon Araya and he expressed his delight in the work of Deacon Hailu Araya Hagos, who in his thesis managed to present the Eucharist as ‘an action of Christ and of the people of God hierarchically ordered’. It is both the summit of Christian life and the source from which the action of the Church takes its origin. Fr. Caputa Giovanni, then, asked about how the church as mother and teacher accompanies both catechumens and neophytes to the personal participation in the Eucharist based on the catechesis of Cyril of Jerusalem and Ambrose of Milan.

The next examiner, Fr. Toczyski Andrzej, SDB, highlighted how the theme of Eucharist is important in Christian's life and in the action of the Church. Deacon Hailu Araya Hagos was also asked to explain about the relationship between “Manna in the Desert” (cf. Ex. 16; Nb. 11:6-9) and the Eucharist. He focused his answer on the allegorical (Spiritual) relationship between them and made some reference to other key biblical passages as well as the patristic and modern exegetes.

Lastly, Fr. Biju Michael, SDB, President of the defense panel asked few questions to clarify the idea about the Eucharist as the summit of Christian's life the source of all the action of the Church. After a short break, the members of the panel awarded deacon, Hailu Araya Hagos SDB, with the Bachelor of Theology degree. He is expected to be ordained to the Order of the Priesthood on 2nd of July 2017 in Ethiopia.

 

 
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