FIRST YEAR TOPOGRAPHICAL VISIT – NOVEMBER 2020

FIRST YEAR ARCHEOLOGICAL VISIT - NOVEMBER 2020

Archeology in Israel never stops and every site has its proper history related to our faith –
especially the Old City of Jerusalem. Studying theology in such a country is incomparable and
unforgettable luck.
Among all the places, the Holy Sepulcher is thoroughly studied as a place of crucial importance in
the history of our faith. The site has been the object of first visit for the first-year students of STS
Ratisbonne 2020-2021. Accompanied by the Principle, Father Andrzej Toczyski SDB, and Father
Gregor Geiger OFM as our guide, the mentioned confreres-students visited that Holy Sepulcher on
Thursday, November 26th , 2020.
The Holy Sepulcher, explained the guide, is the center of the shrine Christendom. It groups six
occupants: Latin Catholics, Greek Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Syrians, Cops, and Ethiopians. It
has the form of a circle with the Holy tomb of Jesus in the center. It is a place where Christ
suffered, died, was buried and resurrected. Jesus was crucified on a rock eminence reminiscent of a
skull outside the city and there was a grave nearby. The most important argument for the
authenticity of the site is the consistent and uncontested tradition of the Jerusalem community
which held liturgical celebrations at the site until 66 AD. The rock is still there covered by the
renewed building but a small part of its originality is visible for archeology. The main entrance has
been kept untouched and the original keys are held by a Muslim. Curved rosettes in a hoodmould
surmount the early twelfth century gadrooned arch.
Inside the Basilica we visited the Chapel of Franks (after entrance), the Calvary (the floor above
on a level with the top of the rocky outcrop on which Christ was crucified), the Chapel of Adam
(area directly beneath the Greek Orthodox), the Stone of Unction (which reveals the
commemorating of Jesus before burial), the tomb of Jesus (we didn’t enter inside because it was
closed), the Syrian Chapel, the Chapel of Saint Mary Magdalene, the Prison of Christ, the
Crusader Church, the Crypt of Saint Helena, the Chapel of the finding of the Cross, the tomb
of Joseph of Arimathea, and the Chapel of Saint Vartan. After visiting all these places, we
concluded our tour with the holy procession with the Franciscan Brothers which also passed
through these same places. The Blessing by the Holy Sacrament ended our visit and we then turned
back home. Special thanks to the Principle of STS University.

Célestin Ntakiyimana SDB

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